Thermodynamics ofCu2+Adsorption on soilHumin

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 College of Resource and Environmental Science, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, 130118,P.R. China

2 College of Plant Science, Jilin Agricultural Science and Technology College, Jilin, 132101, P.R. China

3 Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environments, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun, 130124, P.R. China


The adsorption thermodynamic characteristic of Cu2+ from aqueous solution onto humin and
also humic acid from a typical black soil in northeast China were examined at three different temperatures
(298, 318 and 338 K) by batch isotherm experiments. Results showed that humin was structurally different
from humic acid. The increase of temperature had a positive effect on the adsorption process. Freundlich
equation described the equilibrium data better with respect to Langmuir equation. Thermodynamic parameters,
i.e. standard free energy changes (ΔGº), standard enthalpy change (ΔHº) and standard entropy change (ΔSº),
revealed that Cu2+ adsorption by humin and humic acid were a feasible, spontaneous and endothermic process
with an increase in disorder. The values of isosteric heat of adsorption (ΔHx) increased with increasing surface
Cu2+ loading, and the increase in ΔHx values was smaller for humin than for humic acid. The results indicated
that humin and humic acid possessed energetically heterogeneous surfaces. Humic acid had greater surface
heterogeneity than humin