Biodegradation ofPolybrominated DiphenylEthers inLiquidMedia and Sewage Sludge by Trametes versicolor

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 ChemicalEngineering Department and Institute of Environmental Science and Technology,Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Engineering School, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

2 Institute ofAdvanced Chemisty of Catalunya (IQAC-CSIC). JordiGirona18-26, 08034 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

3 Department ofEnvironmental Chemistry, IDAEA-CSIC, JordiGirona, 18-26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain

Abstract

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) are widely employed as flame retardants and constitute
a group of emerging pollutants of high persistence. The degradation of different PBDE commercial mixtures
(penta-, octa- and deca-BDE) by the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor under aerobic conditions was
studied. This work demonstrates the capacity of T. versicolor to degrade three different PBDE commercial
mixtures in aqueous phase, obtaining final removal efficiencies of 87±6, 85±13 and 67±7% for deca-, pentaand
octa-BDE mixtures (and minimal degradation of 73±5, 38±13, and 28±7%), respectively. The intracellular
enzymatic complex cytochrome P-450 is proposed as the enzyme involved in the first step of deca-BDE
degradation by T. versicolor. In an effort to assay the application of the fungus in real contaminated matrices,
the study successfully demonstrated the ability of T. versicolor to degrade pre-existent deca-BDE from
sewage sludge in a solid-phase treatment, reaching 86% elimination at the end of the process. The findings
support the potential use of the ligninolytic fungus in bioremediation of PBDE.

Keywords