A Review on the main Countries’ Environmental Rankings

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 University of Castilla-La Mancha, Cuenca, Spain

2 University of Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete, Spain

Abstract

A lot of people think that the economic development of a country is associated with its Gross
Domestic Product (GDP), but GDP does not consider aspects as important as the environmental performance
of a country. Nowadays, environmental issues are one of the most important aspects of the long term
development of a country and play an important role in a nation’s wealth. Although the analysis of countries’
environmental performance is a very novel subject, many researchers are making a significant effort to capture
its essence by testing the sustainability of regions. This paper discusses the main proposals developed in the
literature that establish country rankings considering different dimensions in order to measure the sustainability
or environment. This summary allows us to establish the main differences between proposals and some future
research. Furthermore, we analyse the correlation and concordance between the different countries rankings
established in the literature. The results reveal clear concordance between proposals.

Keywords