Research Effort, Functional Integration, and Environmental Action-Based Competitive Advantage: An Empirical Study

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

Universidad de Oviedo, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales Avda. del Cristo, s/n 33071 Oviedo, Spain

Abstract

This paper seeks to make an empirical analysis of the degree to which the research effort and
functional integration into the design of environmental activity account for a company’s environmental actionbased
competitive advantage. To do so, we have used a sample of 110 factories. It has been proven that both
factors (the research effort and functional integration into the design of environmental activity) have a positive
influence on the factories’ environmental action-based competitive advantage. These outcomes are the main in
this paper and they have major implications for companies’ research policy. It proves that there is a new
advantage to the managerial effort dedicated to this area: this effort has a positive influence on the relation
between a company’s environmental management and its environmental action-based competitive advantage.

Keywords