RFID Application in Municipal Solid Waste Management System Abdoli, S.



Processing and recovery is a key functional element in municipal solid waste management system (MSWMS). Reuse, recycle and recovery of valuable components of waste stream are given much attention in MSWMS in both developed and developing countries. The main concern of municipalities is the sound management of recyclable materials. Source separation as a best practice for management of trash and recyclable materials is known to every municipalities. Since 1980 many technologies are used in recycling industry. Many municipalities are learning the importance of new technologies in recycling industries, such as radio frequency identification (RFID). This technology has been used widely by many organizations in some industrialized countries. Radio frequency identification is a tagging system for automatic identification of recyclable components of municipal solid waste stream. This paper reveals some applications of RFID technology in Product self-management, with emphasize on municipal solid waste management as well as environmental implications of RFID. Broad usage of RFID tags on consumer products bears risks of dissipating both toxic and valuable substances, and could disrupt the established recycling processes. This causes a potential mid-or-long term risks with respect to resource management and pollution control. However, these risks could be avoided or mitigated applying precautionary principle
in the early stage of development of RFID technology