Evaluation of Sediments Decontamination by ChelatingAgents using ThermogravimetricAnalysis

Document Type: Original Research Paper

10.22059/ijer.2015.940

Abstract

This study investigated single-step extraction of heavy metals from contaminated sediments
collected in the port of Cádiz. Experimental tests of washing with an aqueous solution of a chelating agent were
performed at selected solid/liquid (S/L) ratios. Two chelating agents were chosen: 0.3 M EDTA(pH 3.8 and 8)
and sodium citrate (1 M). The objective of the tests was to investigate extractive decontamination by the
washing treatment. The study was focused on the extraction of Pb, Cu, Zn, and Cd. The experiments showed
that the decontamination efficiencies of the extractants were of the order: EDTA (pH 3.8) > EDTA (pH 8) ~
sodium citrate. EDTAsolution with slightly acid pH was optimal for the extraction of Pb, Cu, Zn and Cd. The
data obtained from the thermal analysis of sediments after the decontamination process indicated the success
of the extraction procedurewhich is proposed as a technique for controlling the behaviour of the decontamination
process.

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