Application ofDonnanDialysis forCyanide Removal fromAqueous Solutions

Document Type: Original Research Paper

10.22059/ijer.2015.924

Abstract

Cyanide ion, is an environmentally significant pollutant in many industrial wastewaters.
Therefore, a considerable number of methods have been studied for the wastewater treatment containing
cyanide. the goal of our work consists in applying a simple and economic process for solving this problem of
pollution. The removal of cyanide ions by using three anion exchange membranes has been studied under
Donnan dialysis conditions as a function of initial concentration of cyanide, receiver phase composition and
co-existence anions in the feed phase. The feasibility of the system was examined and the highest cyanide
removal was obtained when the initial concentration of cyanide on the feed phase was 10-2 M. In addition, the
accompanying counter-anions were also influenced in the cyanide transport in the order chloride >
hydrogenocarbonate > sulphate. It was also observed that the cyanide transport efficiency of the Neosepta
AFN was higher than that of the Neosepta AM3 and IONAC MA3475XL membranes. The better result for
AFN membrane was obtained with chloride ion as a counter-anion in the receiver phase.

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