Ship Emissions and Their Externalities at the Container Terminal of Piraeus – Greece

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Bandirma Maritime Faculty, Balikesir University, Turkey

2 Department of Maritime Studies, University of Piraeus, Greece


Ship exhaust emission inventories and their associated externalities constitute valuable
information resources towards policy making and management of the influence exerted by shipping on air
quality. To this extent, the container terminal at the Greek Port of Piraeus by virtue of its shipping significance
and its urbanised character was selected in order to provide an estimation of the emissions produced by the
ship activity within the terminal and to monetarise their adverse effects upon the environment and the local
population in particular. With reference to the year 2006, the relevant annual emission inventory generated
during in-port ship manoeuvring and at berth was found to be equal to 16,104 tons, divided into 294, 264,
15,504, 16.5 and 26.4 tons of NOx, SO2, CO2, HC and PM, respectively. The overall damage of these
emissions was estimated to be around 7.5 million euro, comprised by 2.15, 3.35, 0.6, 0.003 and 1.35 million
euro of NOx, SO2, CO2, HC and PM, respectively. The findings of this work, along with similar studies
recently conducted in neighbouring locations, provide useful information towards the completion of a detailed
and accurate picture of ship exhaust emissions and their externalities within the region of the eastern