An Innovative Design and Cost Optimization of a Trigeneration (Combined Cooling, Heating and Power) System

Document Type: Original Research Paper


School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


Load management and cost optimization are among the important factors in trigeneration
systems and combined cooling, heating and power (CCHP) systems. In this study, an innovative CCHP
system uses a gas turbine as the prime mover and has a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) in addition to
an auxiliary boiler, electric and absorption chillers. The system is tied with the bulk electric grid; to export and
sell excess power or import power when necessary. This study analyzes load management and cost optimization
of CCHP systems. A heuristic strategy to optimize the total energy cost is then presented. The optimal size
of CCHP is determined from the study results. This paper proposes a model for CCHP system optimization
based on minimization of energy consumption and initial investment costs. It is to be noted that the selected
variables are the size of the gas turbine, the absorption chiller capacity, and other dependent components.