Comparative Research of Survey Results on the Usage Patterns of Traditional Garden between Japan and Austria


1 Venture Business Laboratory of Ibaraki University, Hitachi Ibaraki, Japan

2 Department of Urban and Civil Engineering, Ibaraki University, Hitachi Ibaraki, Japan

3 Department of Computer and Information Sciences, Ibaraki University, Hitachi Ibaraki


This study compares differences between Japan and Austria as regarding outdoor activities. We conducted a survey with respect to the utility patterns of Kairakuen Garden in Mito city, Ibaraki prefecture, which is one of the three major historical gardens in Japan noted for its beauty. This paper compares the results of our survey with a study of the recreational and spatial
utility of the historical Schönbrunn Garden in Vienna, Austria, a baroque garden of the former Emperor of Austria. Therefore, both Japan and Austria universities examined the same questionnaire items such as where visitors are from, importance of motives of visiting, and wandering behavior at each gardens. Here, in this paper, common motives of visitors in both gardens are discovered. In addition, there were similarities between Kairakuen Garden and Schönbrunn Garden in that the citizens of Vienna frequently tends to avoid the routes that are used by many sightseers, and which can be observed also with the most local residents of Mito visiting the Kairakuen Garden.