Biochemical Kinetics of Cross flow Membrane Bioreactor Processes in the Treatment of Refinery Wastewater


1 University of Western Sydney, School of Engineering, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW 1797, Australia

2 King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Box 1150, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia


A lab-scale cross flow membrane bioreactor (CF-MBR) was operated to determine the biokinetic
coefficients under MLSS concentrations of 5000 and 3000 mg/L. The investigation showed that the yield (Y), the endogenous decay coefficient (kd), the maximum specific growth rate (μm) and the saturation constant (KS) were 0.276 mg/mg, 0.07 /day, 0.653 /day, and 396.62 mg COD/L respectively for MLSS 5000 mg/L, and 0.222 mg/mg, 0.09 /day, 1.2 /day, and 659.45 mg COD/L for MLSS 3000 mg/L. The values of kinetic coefficients were within the normal range of the activated sludge process found in the literature, except the values of Y. However, value of Y increased with the increase of MLSS. Kinetic parameters determined from CF-MBR process were used to simulate the effluent COD. The simulation study showed good agreement between model prediction and experimental data. Sensitivity analysis was carried out to determine influence of biokinetic
parameters on the effluent substrate concentration. From the analysis, it was evident that kd and KS were directly proportional to the effluent substrate concentration, while μm was inversely proportional.