The Characterization and Application of Biological Remediation Technology for Organic Contaminants

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 School of Environment, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, China

2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, China


The continuous addition of industrial, municipal, and agricultural effluents to the environment
has led to a great increase of toxic pollutants. It is well known that these pollutants are hazardous to animals,
plants, microorganisms, and other living organisms including humans. As a result, effective technologies
should be developed to remove these contaminants. Biological remediation, as an economically feasible and
environmentally friend approach, has been extensively studied and reported. In this review, the biological
pathways and mechanism of most important contaminants, such as aromatic compounds, ionic liquids, polycyclic
aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, etc, are described and discussed with some details according
to a vast number literatures published in recent years.