Holistic Approach to Mitigate the Pollution Impacts in the Coastal Ecosystem of Thailand Using the Remote Sensing Techniques

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Author

School of Civil Engineering, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK

Abstract

A study of substantial anthropogenic related pollution in the Coastal Samut Prakarn Province
(Thailand) was carried out focusing on the Bang Pu Nature Reserve (remnant mangrove wetland) using a
remote sensing (geospatial) technique. Statistical regression models were developed between biochemical
parameters of sample point and related reflectance data obtained from satellite imagery (Landsat TM). Change
detection showed a significant increase in various water bodies over a period of a decade and significant
increase in analyzed pollutant levels. The paper highlights the advantages of baseline data obtained and its
significance towards a holistic approach to mitigating coastal pollution combining sustainable conservation
and enhanced nature education through a significant ecosystem bio-diversification. Within the framework of
the approach a buffering zone based on a constructed freshwater-fed wetland is to be introduced to serve as an
effective pollution mitigating area serving the local community which is in serious need of such an environmental
vehicle.

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